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How to care for codiaeum plant
Sugarloaf Mountain Stabilization
The September 10, 2008 letter from State Historic Preservation Officer, Stephen S. Weinstein, was interesting in that it gave the history of the Sugarloaf Mountain Stabilization and the difficulty of retaining some of the plant life when the “typical” seed bank is found in the USDA Seed Lab.
On page 4 of the document it states that as far as what was known at the time there was not an abundant population of the wild pea around Sugarloaf Mountain. At the time of acquisition of the land there was less than 0.3 acres of land of the wild pea.
The Oregon Department of Forestry had planted 50 acres of the pea and according to Mr. Weinstein it was “highly desirable” that all of the land be replanted. The hope was that this would increase the populations of wild pea and would be “immediately usable” by humans.
“Another primary concern” as per Mr. Weinstein was that the pea would out compete other plant species that “currently occupy the habitat” of Sugarloaf Mountain.
On page 4 it states that due to the success of the re-planting and monitoring that 60 acres of the pea has regenerated on the land. It also states that the plants have “extensive rooting systems and are viable producers of wild pea seeds.”
So far one of the main problem for the ODNR and the State Historic Preservation Officer is how to “properly manage” the wild pea so that it does not threaten other native plant species.
What the wild pea wants is “thick” brush so that it can “adequately shade” the land. It is also advantageous that there are some “high quality soil conditions” such as “particle size, drainage and organic content.”
In order for the wild pea to “support their plant,” they “need to be situated among other vegetation and have adequate natural fire management.”
The land that the “wild pea grows in” is “in an area that has not been logged in many years,” but it also needs to be “sufficiently fire-prone.”
The pea grows in “one of the largest and longest running natural regeneration experiments in North America.” It is assumed that the pea will benefit other plant species and “be a very useful experimental facility.”
In the face of an “extensive seed source,” wild pea is “highly adaptable.” However, with the increase in genetic diversity comes the possibility of “problems” such as “a decrease in yield” as the plants in the area are “derived from the same genetic stock as those in the Klamath River basin.”
This problem was caused by the “collective seed bank in a single genetic stock.” According to Mr. Weinstein, the genetically diverse wild pea will continue to survive for “quite a while.”
Thus, it is the task of the “investigators” to “identify the genetic stock and try to select for the most effective and desirable genotype for restoration.”
In order to regenerate wild pea, the pea seed needs to be collected after bloom and “placed into the ‘seed bank’ in a secured location.” It is not easy to “collect the entire seed crop by hand.”
Mr. Weinstein states that the wild pea is “beneficial for the growth of other plants, such as Oregon white oak.” He further states that the pea “harbors great potential to be an excellent ‘seed source'” for other plants.
If the wild pea is under “proper management” then there “will be many thousands of square meters of live wild pea in the region in 10 to 20 years.”
The wild pea can be used as a “wild-vegetable source and feed for animals” but the “least desirable” place for the pea is a “forest nurseries” where the wild pea “are usually fed ‘green’ to young trees.”
Unfortunately, the most critical issue is that the “nursery has not yet provided a regular and dependable source of seeds.”
The wild pea could become a new “foreground species” in the area that can live in a “forest corridor” that also include the “southern Oregon white oak.”
He states that when he first became aware of the wild pea, it was so “unremarkable” that they first thought that the pea would be a “wasted seed” that “would be useful for something.”
Thus, the “potential for the restoration and sustainability of the species is limited by the quantity of seed that can be collected and a regular and dependable source of seed supply.”
However, even if the pea is “an underexploited resource,” it is a “very valuable resource” to many people, from the “public” to “wildlife biologists,” that “supports a diverse flora and fauna.”
This leads to “wild plant populations that are self-sustaining” and support “a variety of native plant species that require some amount of human intervention to be allowed to persist.”
There is “some genetic diversity” that is left in the area because the “wild pea is an underexploited resource” that “has not been farmed.” It is also “self-sustaining” with “